Substitutions

Below is a list of substitutions I use regularly.  I will update this list as I come across more good substitutions.

Regarding wine-based vinegar please see this post at My Halal Kitchen for more information.

If you have any good substitutions please let me know and I will include it below.

IngredientSubstitution
Butter, solidMargarine
Butter, melted
           1 cup
          3/4 cup
          1/2 cup
          1/4 cup
Canola Oil (Source: CanolaInfo.org)
3/4 cup
2/3 cup
1/3 cup
3 tbsp
Buttermilk, 1 cup
1 tbsp vinegar/lemon juice and enough milk to make 1 cup.
Allow to sit for 10 minutes
or
1 cup yogurt 
Cake Flour, 1 cup
1 cup minus 2 tbsp all-purpose flour
or
1 cup minus 2 tbsp all-purpose + 2 tbsp cornstarch, sifted several times (6 should be enough)
Chicken BrothVegetable Broth
Chinese Black VinegarBalsamic Vinegar
Chinese Cooking Wine,
3 tbsp
2 tbsp orange juice + 1 tbsp rice vinegar
Chinese Rice Wine, 2 tsp1 tsp apple cider vinegar + 1 tsp water

Chipotle Chillies in Adobo Sauce
Quantity: 3

1/2 tsp liquid smoke + 2 minced jalapenos + 3 tbsp ketchup
(have not tried this yet)
Dry SherryOrange Juice
Dry White WineChicken or Vegetable Broth
Heavy Cream in pasta and curriesSour Cream (I always use low fat)
Self Rising Flour
1 cup
1 cup all-purpose flour + 1 1/2 tsp baking powder + 1/4 tsp salt

Semi Sweet Chocolate,
2 oz
1/3 cup semi sweet chocolate chips
Vanilla ExtractVanilla Powder


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